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    Bmi ways bmi; Dash, Diet Remedies for Stop Hypertension; DBP, diastolic blood circulation pressure; and you may SBP, systolic blood pressure levels


    Players that have large times consumption was very likely to become male, light, and hitched having increased Body mass index and you may a diminished benaughty SBP than players having straight down times intakes (Table; Dining table S3).

    The strength of the relationships between absolute Na and both SBP and DBP varied with energy intake such that BP rose more steeply with increasing Na at lower energy intake than at higher energy intake (interaction of Na and energy, P<0

    * Labeled by all the way down quartile, the next and you can 3rd quartiles together with her and higher quartile out-of time consumption. Differences checked out by ? dos test, except:

    001; Contour 1). There were zero high differences when considering men within this model. We decided to inform you reviews at midpoint of one’s low energy category (2100 kcal, high Na thickness) and you may high energy category (3200 kcal, straight down Na thickness) at the current demanded higher limitation of Na (2300 mg) step 3 and establish such prices of the eating plan type of (Contour 1A and 1C) so you’re able to train the newest telecommunications ranging from Na and effort. Within 2300 milligrams off Na to the control diet plan, people who have typical times consumption of 2100 kcal got the common SBP which was step three.0 mm Hg (95% CI, 0.2–5.8) higher than individuals with typical opportunity consumption out-of 3200 kcal; DBP is dos.eight mm Hg (95% CI, step 1.0–4.5) large. Into Dashboard diet plan (Shape 1B and you may 1D), the differences between 2100 kcal and you can 3200 kcal/d intake at 2300 milligrams was basically attenuated and never significantly other away from no (SBP, step one.3 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?step one.4 to 4.0; DBP, step one.step three mm Hg; 95% CI, ?0.cuatro to 3.1). Yet not, into Dashboard diet, the distinctions between 2100 kcal and you may 3200 kcal/d intake from the 3600 mg have been significantly distinct from no (SBP, step 3.4 mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.7–6.1; DBP, dos.step 1 mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.4–3.9).

    Shape 1. Correspondence out of pure Na and effort intake to the blood pressure levels (BP) stratified because of the diet particular (systolic BP [SBP] greatest, diastolic BP [DBP] bottom) to your Manage (An excellent and you may C) and you may Dash (Dietary Remedies for Avoid Blood pressure level; B and you can D) diet. New shape illustrates the latest correspondence within 3 energy levels. The three quantities of Na (Na) thickness (L, We, and you will H) was labeled, and you will mistake taverns portray ±step 1 SE. This new straight range brings awareness of brand new contrast within a predetermined, 2300 mg Na of natural Na round the some other energy intake. Show have been generated of mixed-outcomes varieties of persisted Na and energy intakes, adjusted getting years, intercourse, race, puffing, cohort, diet plan kind of (Dash or control), logical cardiovascular system, and you may carryover consequences.

    The interaction of Na intake and race in the full model was significant for DBP (P=0.03), but not for SBP (P=0.07). There was no significant interaction between race and energy, or among race, Na intake, and energy for SBP or DBP. In stratified models, the association of Na with SBP was stronger at lower energy intake (higher Na density) than higher energy intake (lower Na density) in both blacks and whites (both P<0.001), whereas the association of Na and DBP varied with energy intake among blacks (P=0.001) but not whites (P=0.288). On the control diet in blacks at 2300 mg, the difference in SBP between individuals whose energy intake was 2100 kcal when compared with 3200 kcal was 3.8 mm Hg (95% CI, 0.0–7.7), whereas in whites, it was not significantly different than zero (2.4 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?1.6 to 6.4; Figure 2A and 2B). On the control diet in blacks at 2300 mg Na intake, DBP was 4.0 mm Hg (95% CI, 1.6–6.3) higher at 2100 kcal compared with 3200 kcal, whereas in whites, it was not significantly higher (1.8 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?0.8 to 4.5; Figure 2C and 2D). On the DASH diet at 2300 mg Na intake, SBP did not differ at between 2100 and 3200 kcal in blacks (SBP, 2.4 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?1.3 to 6.0) and whites (0.3 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?4.3 to 3.7); differences were also not significant for DBP in blacks (1.6 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?0.6 to 3.9) or whites (1.1 mm Hg; 95% CI, ?1.5 to 3.7) on the DASH diet.